Teach Kids, ages 3 and up, Chess in a Fun Way

Admiration and Failure

I have always admired people, young and old, who can play the game of Chess. Throughout my life, I have heard the many benefits of playing this strategic game. Also, people who play Chess seem intelligent to me.

Honestly, I have tried three times to learn chess and failed. It was the time and energy it took to learn the name of the pieces and how they moved. I would read or watch online videos about the game and eventually become bored.

Grandma’s Inspiration

The idea of tackling Chess again came from my mother. One of her gifts for my son’s third Christmas was a Chess game. It was the same cycle again.

I read the book that came with the game she gave my son and I got bored. Additionally, I thought my son was too young to learn the game. However, in the back of my mind, I knew Chess would be a game that he would like because it challenges the brain.

My Bright Idea

My decision was to wait until he got a little older to introduce him to the game.

My future plan was to take him to some type of community program that would teach him how to play Chess. Then, maybe I would learn through him. This was a win-win situation!

The Solution

It wasn’t until one night while skimming Facebook, I saw an advertisement for Story Time Chess. After seeing the advertisement’s picture of young kids playing chess with their parents, I wanted to learn more. On the website, I saw these words, “A revolutionary new game that lets you teach your child how to play chess as young as the age of 3!”

It is revolutionary because it teaches kids to play through fun stories with colorful diverse characters instead of rules. Each piece has a story about how it moves. Each piece holds a character’s picture from their story which allows children to visually connect it to the chess board and understand how to play.

Another helpful aspect of Story Time Chess is each story is concluded with a mini game that reinforces how the pieces move.

Our Experience

We love it! My four-year-old son and I learned how to play chess within a week and a half of opening the game! He was highly motivated to learn because of the engaging stories and pieces in the game. We currently play almost daily. Sometimes, he wins and other times I am the victor.

Watch the two videos below of my son and I playing chess. The first video is footage of us playing a game. The second one shows my son winning against me in the game of Chess.

My four-year-old son and I playing Chess.
My son is the winner in this game.

Below I will answer frequently asked questions parents have about Chess. It will be through the lens of our experience.

What age can a child learn chess?

The programs that I have researched in my local area start teaching kids chess at the age of seven. However, I have seen kids learn chess as young as five-years-old. My son learned how to play through Story Time Chess as a four-year-old. However, if I’d known about this game earlier, our starting age would have been three.

If your kids love fun engaging stories with colorful characters, they can learn at an early age.

What is the easiest way to play chess?

Of course you know the easiest way for us to play chess was to learn through Story Time Chess. We learned how the pieces moved in this order: king, pawns, knights, rooks, bishops, and queen. There were mini games at the end of each story that gave us a hands-on perspective on how each piece moved.

The best way to learn is be consistent with playing. It is important to learn the basic steps first and then take it a step further by learning various strategies.

We play daily which helps to hone our skills and learn new strategies.

What Chess teaches?

Chess teaches children so many important skills. I will concentrate on three skills below.

Chess teaches kids problem solving skills. During our games, my son spends time concentrating on how to keep his king safe while capturing mine. I can see him thinking about and planning his next move.

It also increases your child’s creatively. There is one piece my son loves to use when capturing my king. When I take that piece away from him, he has to be creative and think outside the box to win the game.

Chess has improved my son’s memory and observation skills. I use a particular strategy to win games against him. One day, I noticed he began to remember my first three moves while playing. He told me what the moves were and asked why I always did that. Then he developed some strategy to counter my moves. Amazing!

Try Story Time Chess! Be persistent and play with your child often!

Have fun Playing!

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Our books are available on Amazon, “Teach Your Toddler to Read Through Play” and “Fun and Easy Ways to Teach Your Toddler to Write.”

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How Kids Can Remember Facts for School in less than 10 Minutes – Part 1

Congratulations!

You have taken a step in making learning fun for your child and improving their grades.

At the bottom of this post is the first video in our FREE Mini Course: Kid Friendly Study Tricks for Better Grades.

This includes a technique you can use to help your child remember facts, lists, and do well on tests.

In this video, you will learn…

  • How basic association can help you and your child learn things faster
  • How to remember a list of words forwards, backwards, and in random order in less than 10 minutes.
  • How to use creativity and the world around you when doing basic association

By the end of this video, you will know the Peg/Sun List, which can trigger your child’s brain to remember a variety of information.

Tomorrow, you will receive another training video in your inbox. In that video, you will learn how to use the Peg/Sun list to remember facts that many children may need to know for school.

See you there!

Basic-AssociationPeg

If you want more study tricks for your children, take our course, Kid Friendly Fun and Fast Study Tricks for Better Grades : 9 Strategies for Success in Learning and School. This link provides discount pricing. You will learn the following….

  • Multiple strategies for memorizing lists and facts
  • Techniques for doing well in math
  • Effective Note Taking Skills
  • Easy and fun ways to remember new vocabulary words
  • The best way to learn to spell new words
  • Test Taking Strategies
  • Additional Resources and more

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How Kids Can Remember Facts for School in Less Than 10 Minutes – Part 2

I hope you liked the first video in the FREE Mini Course: Kid Friendly Fun & Fast Study Tricks for Better Grades. This includes a fun technique that will help your children learn facts for school in less than 10 minutes.

What stood out for you in the first video?

I am excited to share with you the second video!

In this video, I will show you…

  • Review the Sun/Peg List
  • Connect the Peg Method to facts like the first 10 Presidents of the United States
  • Learn to use imagination and funny stories to remember information

If you want more study tricks for your children, take our course, Kid Friendly Fun and Fast Study Tricks for Better Grades : 9 Strategies for Success in Learning and School. This link provides discount pricing. You will learn the following….

  • Multiple strategies for memorizing lists and facts
  • Techniques for doing well in math
  • Effective Note Taking Skills
  • Easy and fun ways to remember new vocabulary words
  • The best way to learn to spell new words
  • Test Taking Strategies
  • Additional Resources and more

Click on the image below to learn more about the course and our awesome pricing discount.

PEg-list-presidents

P.S. Visit our blog for fun accelerated learning tips and activities! We provide you with tips and hands-on learning ideas weekly.

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Fun Thermometer Science Experiment for Kids

One day my son and I were watching the Temperature Investigation episode of Sid the Science Kid cartoon. Cory was two-years-old the first time he watched it. After the episode ended, we decided to do the science experiment showcased on the cartoon. My son learned a lot about thermometers and temperature change during this activity.

Fall is coming soon and our children will witness a drop in temperature. Do this simple experiment at home to help your child learn about temperature changes in nature. I am pretty sure you have all the materials in your kitchen.

Let’s Get Started!

Materials Needed:

Method:

  • Put ice in the bowl
  • Put the thermometer in the ice
The temperature on the thermometer was originally 75°F or 23° C but it decreased to 50° F or 10° C in this picture.
  • Open the instant grits or oatmeal packet.
  • Pour the ingredients from the packet in a second bowl.
  • Pour hot water in the bowl and stir to mix.
  • Put the thermometer in bowl.
  • You will see the temperature on the thermometer go up.
The temperature started at 20° F or -6° C and increased to over 100° F or 37° C.

  • Try putting ice in the bowl of grits or oatmeal and observe what happens to the temperature.
  • Hint: It should decrease.

Watch the video below to see our experiment.

IMG_9798

Have fun with this activity!

Bonus

Explain to your child how a real thermometer works

  • Thermometers usually have alcohol in them.
  • The alcohol changes its size in the thermometer which causes the temperature to increase or decrease.

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5 Ways to Increase Focus in Children

I have parents approach me asking how to keep their child focused when learning something new or doing school work. This is something that we all face from time to time as parents.

Children can lose their focus for a number of reasons including…

  • they are not interested in the task
  • they are distracted
  • the task is too hard for them
  • they would rather be doing something else

Below are some tips that have helped in our household. Please share your tips in the comments below.

Breaking Up the Tasks

Our brains start to lose optimal focus after 25 minutes. Therefore in order to have optimal concentration, try to break tasks into 25 minutes of focused blocks of time. This is also called the Pomodoro Technique and will help your child focus on the task at hand. After 25 minutes has ended, have your child take a break. After the break, they can come back to the task for another 25 minutes.

Create More Beginnings and Endings

When reading a book, we tend to remember the beginning and ending for longer periods of time. Also, when we watch movies, it seems like the start and end of the story sticks in our brain. The proper terms for these occurrences are the primacy and recency effect. Primacy Effect is when you remember things at the beginning of the list because it happened first. The Recency Effect is when you remember the end of the list or an occurrence.

Remember we said the brain starts to lose optimal focus after 25 minutes. When you combine your knowledge of the Pomodoro Technique, Primacy, and Recency Effects, it makes sense to create more beginnings and endings. You may accomplish this by taking more breaks. Your child will remember more because there are more “firsts and lasts” bits of information that will stick in their brain.

Taking Responsibility

Many of us want to put ALL the blame on our children for NOT having better focus when it comes to school or learning something new. However, I think we have to look at our role in the matter as well.

For example, I wanted my son to have better focus in the morning while getting dressed for school. We were always rushing to get ready for school. The problem was I often got out of bed late causing him to rush. He is the type of child that gets the tasks done but likes to takes his time to do it.

Once I started getting up earlier in the morning, he seems to have more focus.

For the days when he needs to move a little faster, I created some games/activities to make our morning routine efficient and effective.

As far as studying, it is effective to make the information more relevant to your child and break it up into smaller tasks. We will talk about this in the next point.

Shaping

Sometimes children find a task so daunting that it is difficult for them to sit for 25 minutes. This is where Shaping can help save the day. Shaping is a technique many counselors use to teach kids new behaviors. It allows you to build a desired behavior in children using small steps. Once the child has mastered a step then you move to the next one. 

If it is difficult for your child to focus for 10 minutes, have them try five minutes. If they are successful next time, add one or two minutes to the next session. Keep doing this until you have reached the desired 25 minutes. Also, give your child small rewards for completing a task. It will help keep them motivated.

Have Children Take Charge of Their Learning

I remember being in school thinking to myself, “Why do I have to learn this?” Some of the information we learned as children have never been used in our adult lives. However, learning something new strengthens your brain and puts you in better mental shape to be creative and work on your passion. When your child does not see the point in what they are learning, request that they be creative and make it relevant by using the Chain Linking technique. Chain linking is a memory technique that allows your child to use their imagination and creativity to link facts to pictures and stories.

Chain linking is a great way for your child to take charge of their learning because they are creating the factual links to pictures and stories. When they create ways to remember information, they have more of connection to it. It also helps them learn information faster in a fun way.

Bonus Tip:

When your child tells you a task is too hard, talk to them about the Power of Mistakes and its importance in learning.

I hope you find this helpful!

Happy Learning!

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4 Games/Activities that Teach Kids Manners

Many parents are successful at teaching their children manners through modeling the behavior or reminding kids to use them. This post brings a fun, hands-on approach to teaching manners. The games/activities below can be a supplement to what you are already teaching your children at home. These are great group activities to play with young kids. I hope you find these helpful!

Let’s get started!



Please and Thank You Game

The following game will teach your child when to say Please and Thank you.

Materials Needed:

  • 3 Stuffed Animals or 3 Action Figures
  • Tape
  • Paper
  • Scissors

  1. Explain to your child that Please should be used with any request such as…
    • When your child wants a drink
    • They should say “May I PLEASE have a drink?”
    • If the child is very young then they can say “Drink, please.”
  2. Explain to your child that Thank you is used when they receive an item, favor, or an act of kindness.
    • For example, children should use it when someone gives them a drink, a gift, or when they have visited someone’s home.
  3. Start the activity by having your child gather their stuffed animals and action figures.
  4. Cut 3 rectangles out of the paper.
  5. Write the word, Doing, on one rectangle and then tape it on the front of one stuffed animal or action figure.
    • The Doing toy’s job is to role play the scenarios with your child.
  6. Write the word, Thank you, on one rectangle and then tape it on the front of one stuffed animal or action figure.
    • The Thank you toy’s job is to say Thank you in the scenario if needed.
  7. Write the word, Please, on one rectangle and then tape it on the front of one stuffed animal or action figure.
    • The Please toy’s job is to say Please in the scenario if needed.
  8. Create four scenarios where the child will have to role play and identify when to use Thank you or Please like the examples below…
    • The Doing Toy just shared his snack with your child. (Answer – say Thank you)
    • The Doing Toy would like a banana. What should the toy say? (Answer – May I please have a banana?) (Another option is Banana please).
    • Your child spilled the Legos on the floor and the Doing Toy helped your child clean up. (Answer – say Thank you)
    • The Doing toy wants to play at the playground. What should the toy say? (Answer – Can you take me to the playground, please?)
  9. Role play the scenarios above (or scenarios you have created) one at a time with the toys and your child.
  10. Below is an example of how the role play should be played. Let use the first scenario as an example..
    • The child and Doing toy should role play the following scenario – The Doing Toy just shared his snack with your child.
    • Now the child should decide if the Thank you toy or Please toy is needed.
    • In this scenario, the child should get the Thank you toy to say Thank you to the Doing toy.
    • If your child is confused about whether to use the Thank you toy or Please toy help them to determine the correct answer.
  11. Repeat steps 9-10 with the scenarios given in number 8. You may also create your own scenarios.
The Manner Animals

Super V!

This activity gives kids a reminder to cover their mouths when they cough and sneeze.

Material Needed:

  • The child’s arm
  1. Explain to your child that it is important to cover their mouths when they cough or sneeze to prevent the spread of germs.
  2. Germs can cause others to get sick.
  3. The best way to stop the spread of germs is to cover your mouth and nose with a tissue.
  4. If you don’t have time to get a tissue, then use SUPER V!!!
  5. SUPER V is when you cough and sneeze into the inner crease of your elbow.
  6. When do you this, your arm forms the letter V.
  7. Pretend that you are sneezing or coughing and model to your child how to cover their mouth.
    • As you model how to cover your mouth, say SUPER V like it is a superhero!
  8. Have your child practice saying and doing the SUPER V mouth cover position.
  9. Every time your child really coughs or sneeze, say SUPER V!
  10. If your child is not into superheroes then create something else like the PRINCESS SHIELD to help them remember to cover their mouths.
Sick child doing the Super V

Excuse Me Game

This game will teach your child when it is appropriate to say Excuse Me.

Materials Needed:

  • Something that makes a loud noise like a bell, drum, whistle, or kazoo
  • Child’s stuffed animals, action figures, or other toys
  1. Explain to your child that Excuse Me should be used in the following situations
    • To get another person’s attention
    • When you need to get around someone and they are in your pathway.
    • When you have bumped into someone or accidentally stepped on their foot.
    • During an acceptable interruption
      • For example, if mom is talking to someone and the young child needs to go to the bathroom.
    • When you burp or pass gas
  2. After explaining step 1, role play the situations with your child (using yourself and child as the actors for practice).
  3. Next get your child’s toys.
  4. Give your child a loud noise maker of your choice such as a bell, drum, whistle, or kazoo.
  5. Use the child’s toys to role play each scenario in number 1 and scenarios where Excuse Me is not needed such as…
    • You give your child a snack.
    • Your child wants to go outside and play.
  6. After role playing each scenario with the toys, give the child two choices in which to respond…
    • If saying Excuse Me is an appropriate response to the scenario, then the child should use their noise maker and next say Excuse Me.
    • Is Excuse Me is NOT the appropriate response to the scenario, then the child can say NO!
  7. For example, you role play that one action figure burps and your child has a drum.
    • The child should play the drum and then say Excuse Me.
  8. Keep playing the game with various scenarios.

No Interruptions Game

This activity uses the concept of Shaping to teach kids to be patient while parents are talking to others in person or on the phone. Shaping is a technique many counselors use to teach kids new behaviors or skills. It allows you to build a desired behavior in children using small steps. Once the child has mastered a step, then move to the next one. 

Materials:

  • One of the child’s stuffed animal, action figure, or other toy
  • Timer
  • Pretend or toy telephone
  1. Explain to your child that interruption is when they talk while someone else is talking.
  2. Interrupting is considered rude unless it is an acceptable interruption such as…
    • You have to go to the bathroom
    • You or someone is hurt.
  3. Some kids interrupt their parents for attention or they think the conversation topic with the other adult is boring.
  4. Start the No Interruptions Game by getting your child’s toy and the telephone.
  5. Tell your child they can’t talk to you until the timer goes off.
    • If this is a struggle for them, suggest ideas to keep them busy like counting, playing with a toy, or just listening.
  6. Set the timer to 20 seconds.
  7. Pretend you are on the phone while the timer is going.
  8. After the times goes off, tell your child they can talk.
  9. If your child does NOT interrupt you within the 20 second period, then next time increase the time to 30 seconds and so on.
  10. Do this until you get to a desired time like 5 minutes.
  11. If your child talks to you before the timer goes off, then try the activity again with the timer set to a lesser time like 10 seconds and work from there.

I hope you find these activities helpful!

Don’t forget to check our two books, Teach your Toddler to Read Through Play and Fun and Easy Ways to Teach your Toddler to Write.

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Happy Learning!

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Make Reading Fun for Kids with DIY Book Hook

One day while my three-year-old son played independently with toy cars, I was reading a book that contained over 400 pages. When I reached the end of a chapter, I inserted my bookmark to maintain my place.

My son saw the bookmark and asked me what it was. I told him that bookmarks tell me what section of the book I read previously. It is a timesaver because it prevents me from flipping through the book to find where I stopped reading.

He was amazed that this rectangular-shaped piece of paper could do so much. This was during the time we started reading books like Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White which is a chapter book.

Watch the Video below to Learn How to Accelerate Young Readers’ Skills with Art

We read other books in the past that needed a bookmark like 5-minute Bible Stories retold by Mary Batchelor and Penny Boshoff. This book has a compilation of Bible stories for children. For some reason, we didn’t use a bookmark after reading the book. I just flipped through the pages and tried to remember the last story we read. This was not a good use of time.

Once my son became curious about my bookmark, I decided we should make our own. I am not an artsy person and needed some help in making one that would appeal to him. The book, Easy Art Fun! Do-It-Yourself Crafts for Beginning Readers by Jill Hauser, saved the day.

This book showed us how to make a SIMPLE bookmark or book hook that looks like my son. We had a great time creating them! They are used daily after reading time. My son often tells me we should make more bookmarks.

This a great project to do with the child who won’t sit for an entire book. Try reading part of a book and save your place with their look alike book hook.

So Let’s Get Started with Creating!

How to Make the Book Hooks

Materials:

  • Markers
  • Colored Paper or Card Stock Paper
  • Child Safety Scissors

Method:

  • Help your child draw themselves on colored paper with markers.
    • Draw the arms so that they are hanging low.

Here is the result of his drawing.

Here is my drawing.

I gave him a face, hair, socks, and pants.
  • Color the drawing.
  • Cut out the drawing.
  • Cut the arms with slits

  • Hook your drawing to the top of a page.
  • Close the book and hold your place.




Have more fun with this activity by making a variety of book hooks like…

  • Animals
  • Superheros
  • Letters
  • Numbers
  • Cars
  • Dolls
  • Anything you want

Have fun Creating!

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Magic Kitchen Balloon Science Experiment

Did you know that science experiments can make children better readers? The book, The Three R’s by Ruth Beechick, which is about early childhood learning supports this fact.

In this book she talks about an experiment where some kindergartners in a school district received extensive instructions in reading while the others spent the same amount of time learning science.

The kids that learned science melted ice, observed thermometers in hot and cold places, played with magnets, grew plants and learned about animal life. Books and pictures were available for these children but no formal lessons in reading were held.

The school district learned that by the third grade the “science” children were far ahead of the “reading” children in their reading score. The reason is their vocabulary and thinking skills were much more advanced. They could read on more topics and understand higher levels of material. The playful, hands-on activities the “science” children did taught them analytical and problem solving skills and how to make connections in what they were learning.

This is why I think EXPOSING KIDS TO NEW WORDS AND READING THROUGH PLAY IS A GREAT CONCEPT.

So let’s talk about our exciting science experiment!

Today we will…

Blow Up A Balloon Without Blowing At All!

To incorporate literacy in this experiment, help your children read the Materials, Method, and Why it Works headings in this post. As kids are reading these sections, have them do the action. Children can use the pictures to help them read the words. If your children can read independently allow them to do so.

How to incorporate literacy in this experiment…

  1. Read the Materials and Method sections.
  2. Re-read the Materials section as you get the supplies.
  3. Re-read the Method section as you do the steps.

Let’s get started!

Materials:

  • Vinegar
  • Teaspoon of Baking Soda
  • 1 Balloon
  • Empty Water Bottle
  • 1 Funnel
  • Spoon
  • Safety goggles (we didn’t have safety goggles so we used sunglasses)

Method:

  • Put on your safety goggles (or sunglasses).
  • Pour some vinegar into the water bottle
    • Vinegar should fill 25% of the water bottle.
  • Pour baking soda into the balloon.
    • Stretch the balloon over the funnel’s neck.
    • Take the teaspoon of baking soda and put it in the funnel.
    • Ensure the baking soda reaches the inside of the balloon.
Balloon stretched over the funnel’s neck.
My son is looking for the teaspoon to measure the baking soda.

The baking soda is in the funnel. It goes down the funnel into the balloon.

  • Stretch the balloon over the water bottle’s neck.
It is hard to see but there is vinegar in the water bottle. The balloon has baking soda in it.
  • Pick up the balloon and empty out the baking soda into the water bottle.
    • AFTER THE BAKING SODA GOES INTO BOTTLE, PLEASE BACK UP IN CASE THE BALLOON POPS.
    • The balloon popped when we did the experiment for the first time.
    • Safety goggles will protect your eyes in case the balloon pops.
  • Stand back and watch the balloon BLOW UP!

Below is a video of my son and I doing the experiment!

Why it works?

  • As the baking soda mixes with the vinegar, it creates bubbles of carbon dioxide gas that escapes into the balloon.
  • This makes the balloon blow up by itself.
  • If the mixture creates a lot of gas, then the balloon will get so big until it pops!

Have fun experimenting!

Resources:

Easy Art Fun Do-It-Yourself Crafts for Beginning Readers by Jill Frankel Hauser

Crafty Science by Jane Bull


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100 Children’s Books About Money

I remember at the age of 17 my older brother, Linsey, gave me the book, Rich Dad Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki. This book changed my perspective about how I thought about money.

One point that stuck with me was when you are an adult your report card is your credit score. I found this statement fascinating and I made the decision to do two things after that..

  • To strive to have an excellent credit score as an adult
  • To teach my children financial literacy

Although my son is a preschooler, I have introduced him to money through role plays, having him count and earn real money, and reading books. 

I would like all children to be exposed to financial literacy. My contribution is by compiling this list of Children’s Book about Money. 

Sign in to our SOY Resource Library and get access to 10 ACTIVITIES TO BOOST KIDS’ FINANCIAL LITERACY KNOWLEDGE.

 

Learn how my three-year-old son has the ability to read on a 3rd grade level. Go to the bottom of this post to access the First Chapter of the ebook, Teach Your Toddler to Read Through Play: A Detailed Account with over 130 Games/Activities, Tips, and Resources for FREE!

Want More Tips? Watch the Video Below for Effective & Fun Study Tips for Kids/Tweens/Teens

Let’s Get Started!

  1. Gabby Invents the Perfect Hair Bow by Erica Swallow/Li Zeng

    • At five years old, Gabby Goodwin can’t stop losing her hair bows everywhere she goes. She and her mother invent a new kind of bow that doesn’t fall out. Read this book to see if their idea works.
  2. Lily Learn about Wants and Needs by Lisa Bullard/Christine Schneider

    • Lily wants a new bike, a new raincoat, and ice cream. But how many of these things does she need? As Lily and her dad drive around town, Lily soon discovers that wants and needs are different things. 
  3. Jason Saves the Environment with Entrepreneurship by Erica Swallow/Li Zeng

    • Problem-solver Jason Li has been on a mission to pay for his own lunch since he started school. He has an idea that helps him achieve his goal and save the planet.
  4. Growing Money: A Complete Investing Guide for Kids by Gail Karlitz/Debbie Honig

    • This book is a complete guide explaining in kid-friendly terms all about savings accounts, bonds, stocks, and even mutual funds!
  5. Lemonade in Winter: A Book About Two Kids Counting Money by Emily Jenkin/G. Brian Karas

    • A lemonade stand in winter? Yes, that’s exactly what Pauline and John-John intend to have, selling lemonade and limeade. Children will learn about simple math concepts in a fun way with this book.
  6. Curious About Money by Mary E. Reid

    •  Children will learn how people, money, and history intersect, and what’s current about currency.
  7.  It’s Not Fair!: A Book About Having Enough by Caryn Riverdeneria/Isabel Moñoz

    • Roxy Ramirez has saved up for weeks to buy a chemistry set, and now she’s headed to the toy store to buy it! There’s only one problem. She keeps running into friends who are in trouble, and need her to dip into her savings to help. Will she have enough money left over to buy something for herself?
  8.  The Squirrel Manifesto by Rich Edelman/David Zabocki

    • Just as a squirrel gathers nuts to prepare for the winter—eating some now and storing some for later—kids can learn the value of money by spending some of their allowance now and saving the rest for later using animals as examples.
  9. Kidpreneurs: Young Entrepreneurs With  Big Ideas! by Adam Toren/Matthew Toren

    • This book teaches kids about starting, managing, and growing a successful business venture.
  10. What Can You Do With Money? by Jennifer Larson

    • This basic introduction to earning and spending explains how people earn incomes in exhange for their work and skill. It then explains the economic choices people make in saving or spending their income.
  11. The Big Buck Adventure by Shelley Gill/Deborah Tobola/Grace Lin

    • One little girl and one very big dollar set out on a great adventure at the store.
      What will she do with so many choices, and only one buck? Read this book to find out.
  12. Let’s Meet Ms. Money: One Step Towards Financial Literacy by Rich Grant

    • Let’s Meet Ms. Money is a children’s picture book that teaches children about money. Kids will learn what money looks like, how to count it, how and why we use money, and how we earn it.
  13.  Liktoon’s Boat: A Children’s Storybook about money, entrepreneurship, and teamwork

    • This book addresses earnings, savings, addition, subtraction, business, profits, and expenses through the characters’ adventure.
  14. A Million Gold Coins: Teaching Kids about Happiness and Money by Sigal Adler

    • Two farmers are not happy about working so hard for money. However, they may be looking for happiness in the wrong places.
  15. Everything a Kid Needs to Know about Money – Children’s Money and Saving Reference by Baby Professor

    • Teach your kids the basics about finances with this book. There’s no such thing as too early when it comes to these things. Properly seal the deal about money and other possessions by introducing this book.
  16. I Got Bank! What my Granddad Taught Me About Money by Teri Williams

    •  At ten years old, Jazz  Ellington, has over $2,000 in the bank, and his savings keep growing. His granddad taught him to save his allowance and set up a bank account. This book increases financial awareness while sharing the lives of two African-American boys growing up in the city.
  17. Dimes: To Teach Your Child About Money by Rebecca D. Turner/Lacey Braziel

    • This book teaches discipline, delayed gratification, and how good it feels to give to those in need. Dimes can teach your child the habits that will allow them to have a more financially secure and fulfilling life.
  18. Sebastian Creates A Sock Company by Erica Swallow/Li Zeng

    • Five-year-old Sebastian Martinez, with the help of his older brother, turns his love for socks into a business that not only makes wacky socks, but also enables the duo to finally revamp the school dress code. 
  19. Those Shoes by Noah Jones

    • Jeremy wants a pair of the shoes everyone at school is wearing. Jeremy’s grandma says they don’t have room for wants just needs. Read how Jeremy and his grandma navigate through this dilemma.
  20. Money for Puppy by D.L. Madson

    • This is an excellent book about saving money for something you want.
  21. The Wrong Shoes: A Book About Money and Self-Esteem by Caryn Rinadeneira

    • The Wrong Shoes teaches kids about money, hard work, self-esteem, and the real value of the things we own.
  22. The Penny Pot: Counting Coins by Stuart J. Murphy/Lynne Woodcock Cravath

    • This is a great book that shows kids how to count money how it is used, and saving to get what you want.
  23. Lemonade for Sale by Stuart Murphy/Tricia Tusa

    • Four kids and their sidekick, Petey the Parrot, run a lemonade stand. They create a bar graph to track the rise and fall of their lemonade sales.
  24. Sluggers’ Car Wash by Stuart J. Murphy/Barney Saltzberg

    • The 21st Street Sluggers’ shirts are worn-out and dirty. They need new ones, but they have no money. Children will learning to count money and make change.
  25. Arthur’s Pet Business by Marc Brown

    • Arthur starts his own petsitting business to show Mom and Dad that he can be responsible! Between a boa constrictor, an ant farm, and a group of frogs, he’s got his hands full! Can Arthur still prove he is responsible?
  26. One Proud Penny by Sandy Riegel/Serge Bloch

    • This book teaches kids that pennies are worth a lot and how it’s life can be exciting.
  27.  Money Math: Addition and Subtraction by David Adler/Edward Miller

    • Children will get an introduction to American units of money; and how they combine to make a price. They will also learn basic money symbols and the math inherent in shopping.
  28.  The Go-Around Dollar by Barbara Johnston-Adams/Joyce Audy Zarins

    • Children will learn how the dollar is made, the meaning of the symbols that are shown on the front and back of the dollar, and how long the average dollar stays in circulation?
  29. Arthur’s Funny Money by William Hoban

    • Arthur attempts to earn enough money to buy a t-shirt and cap, assisted by his sister Violet. Children will learn simple business concepts by reading this story.
  30. The Original Story of the Piggy Bank: The Beginning of a Legend! by Lance Douglas

    • This book gives background information on the piggy bank. It also contains powerful lessons of discipline, sacrifice and responsibility.
  31. You Wouldn’t Live Without Money by Professor Alex Woolf/David Antram

    • This book uses humorous cartoons  to tell the story of money, from early bartering to the making of metal and paper currencies.
  32. DK Eyewitness Books: Money: Discover the Fascinating  Story of Money from Silver Ingot to Smart Cards by Joe Cribb

    • Children will learn about the earliest forms of money to the banking systems we have today.
  33.  Dollars and Sense: A Kid’s Guide to Using – Not Losing- Money by Elaine Scott/David Clark

    • Dollars & Sense is a basic instruction manual for money that will teach readers about the history of money, the way the American economy works, and how to make important decisions about personal finance.
  34.  Dollars and Sense by Stan Berenstain/Jan Berenstain

    • Papa thinks it’s time to teach Brother and Sister how to budget their money. Children journey with the cubs on their process to understand the value of a dollar.
  35.  A Chair for My Mother by Vera B. Williams

    • After their home is destroyed by a fire, Rosa, her mother, and grandmother save their coins to buy a really comfortable chair for all to enjoy.
  36. Rock, Brock, and the Savings Shock by Sheila Bair/Barry Gott

    • Rock and Brock are twins and their grandpa offers them a plan―for ten straight weeks on Saturday he will give them each one dollar. But there is a catch!  Each buck they save, he’ll match it quick. If they spend it, there’s no extra dough.
  37. When Times are Tough by Yanitzia Canetti/Romont Willy

    • This book follows a family that faces very real economic challenges. They show how they are able to overcome with each other.
  38. The Kids’ Money Book: Earning, Saving, Spending, Investing, Donating by Jamie McGillian

    • This book explains how to create a budget, make money, invest your earnings, and donate to charity. It also teaches kids the difference between needs and wants and getting the most from an allowance.
  39. Once Upon A Dime: A Math Adventure by Nancy Kelly Allen/Adam Doyle

    • This book is about a  farmer discovering  trees that grows different types of money.  This book teaches kids about the value of money
  40. How to Turn $100 to $1,000,000: Earn! Save! Invest! by Jenna McKenna/Jeannine Glista

    • Children will learn the basics of earning, saving, spending, and investing money.
  41.  Ella Earns Her Own Money by Lisa Bullard/Mike Moran
    • Ella wants a soccer ball, but she doesn’t have enough money to buy one. She decides to earn her own money. Will she earn enough to buy the ball? Read this book to find out!
  42.  Kyle Keeps Track of Cash by Lisa Bullard/Mike Byrne

    • Kyle’s club is going camping and all the kids will sell Cool Candy to earn money for the trip. Kyle needs to find buyers for ten boxes of candy. Can he keep track of his cash and join his friends on the camping trip? Read this book to find out!
  43. What Does It Means to be an Entrepreneur by Rana Diorio/Emma Dryden

    • When Rae witnesses an ice cream and dog mishap, she’s inspired to create a solution to help get dogs clean. Rae draws on her determination and everyone else in her community when she learns what it means to be an entrepreneur.
  44.  A Smart Girl’s Guide: Money: How to Make It, Save It, and Spend It by Nancy Holyoke/Brigette Barrager
    • Children will learn how to not only spend money, but also how to earn it. The quizzes, tips, and helpful quotes from other girls will make learning about money management easy and fun.
  45. The History of Money by Martin Jenkins/Satoshi Kitamura

    • This book teaches children the following questions about money:  When did we start using it? And why? What does money have to do with writing? And how do taxes and interest work?
  46. Curious George Saves his Pennies by H.A. Rey

    • When George decides to save up for a red train in the toy store, he doesn’t realize how long it will take or how hard he’ll have to work for his money. Read this book and find out if he gets the train.
  47.  Piggy Bank Problems by Fran Manuskkin/Tammie Lyon
    • Katie’s dad works at a bank  but she prefers to keep her money in her piggy bank. Read about what happens when she drops her piggy and it breaks?
  48.  Deena’s Lucky Penny by Barbara Derubertis/Cynthia Fisher

    • Deena has a big problem. Her mom’s birthday is coming, but she has no money to buy a present! Find out how she solves the problem by reading this book.
  49. Follow Your Money: Who Gets it, Who Spends it, Where Does it Go? by Kevin Sylvester/Michael Hlinka, Julia Beck

    • Find out what happens to your money after you hand it to the cashier. What happens to that money once it leaves your hands? Who actually pockets it or puts it into the bank? Read this book to answer these questions.
  50.  Currency by Andrew Einspruch
    • The book gives an introduction to currency through the history of money around the world, minting coins and printing paper money.
  51. Feeding Piggy by Kathy Mashburn/Freida Talley

    • Maddy has a piggy bank named Piggy. One morning while feeding Piggy coins for breakfast, Maddy discovers how coins, like people, come in different shapes and sizes.
  52.  A Dollar, A Penny How Much and How by Lerner Publications
    • This humorous book shows young readers how to count and combine pennies, nickels, fives, tens, and more!
  53.  Sophie the Zillonaire by Lara Bergen/Laura Tallardy

    • When Sophie finds fifty dollars on the sidewalk, it gives her a great idea for a new name: Sophie the Zillionaire! In order to keep the name Sophie the Zillionaire, Sophie has to make more money — and fast.
  54. Berenstain Bears Trouble with Money by Stan Berenstain

    • Mama and Papa are worried that Brother and Sister seem to think money grows on trees. The cubs decide to start their very own businesses, from a lemonade stand to a pet-walking service.
  55.  Just Saving Money by Mercer Mayer

    • Little Critter® wants a new skateboard and Dad tells him that he needs to save his own money to buy it! From feeding the dog to selling lemonade, Little Critter learns the value of a dollar.
  56. Lots and Lots of Coins by Margarette S. Reid/True Kelley

    • This book is about a boy spending the day with Dad coin collecting!  He finds out about the value of coins, what people used before coins, and why historical images and people appear on coins.
  57.  A Dollar for Penny by Julie Glass/Joy Allen

    • A young girl sets up a lemonade stand and sells enough cups of refreshment to add up to a dollar.  This story combines the teaching of addition with  childhood entrepreneurship!  
  58. The Young Investor by Katherine Bateman

    • The book explains the concept of money and  how saving works based on the concepts of simple and compound interest. Children then learn where Wall Street is located, what stocks and bonds do, and, the right way to buy or sell a stock, mutual fund, or savings bond.
  59. You can’t buy a Dinosaur with a Dime by Harriet Ziefert

    •  Pete saves his allowance and spends too much of it. He then has second thoughts and starts over. Children will learn how he strategizes over future purchases. 
  60. Not Your Parents’ Money Book: Making, Saving, and  Spending Your Own Money by Jean Chatzsky/Erwin Haya

    • This book will reach kids before bad spending habits can get out of control. With answers and ideas from real kids, this grounded approach to spending and saving will be a welcome change for kids who are inundated by a consumer driven culture.
  61.  Money Math with Sebastian Pig and Friends by Jill Anderson
    • This book introduces children to identifying, counting and comparing money through a farmer’s market trip with Sebastian Pig and Louie.
  62.  Money Madness by David Adler and Edward Miller
    • Children will be provided with a guide to economics and the purpose and value of money with this book.
  63. Coins and Other Currency by Tamra Orr

    • Follow a class of fifth-graders as they figure out the world of finance, including earning, budgeting, and saving to investing and collecting coins from around the world.
  64.  Show Me the Money by David Alder

    • Show Me the Money takes technical terms and breaks it down with easy-to-understand text, diagrams, and illustrations making a formerly dry subject interesting and relevant to kids
  65.  One Cent, Two Cents, Old Cent New Cent: All About Money by Bonnie Worth/Aristides Ruiz
    • The Cat in the Hat disqualifies the notion that money grows on trees with the study of money and its history.
  66.  Money, Money Honey Bunny by Marilyn Sadler/Roger Bollem
    • Honey Bunny Funny Bunny has a lot of money. She saves some and spends some on herself and friends. This is a rhyming book about spending and saving, told through the eyes of animals.
  67.  Mr. Chickee’s Funny Money by Christopher Paul Curtis

    • Mr. Chickee, a blind man in the neighborhood, gives 9-year-old Steven a mysterious bill with 15 zeros on it and the image of a familiar face. Could it be a quadrillion dollar bill? Could it be real? Read this book to find out.
  68. Cash, Credit Cards or Checks by Nancy Leewen

    • Children will learn how people pay for the things they buy by writing a check, paying with a debit card, paying with a credit card, and paying with cash withdrawn from an ATM.
  69. Taxes, Taxes!: Where the Money Goes by Nancy Leewen

    • Provides an introduction to taxes, including some of the products and services that citizens may receive including schools, roads, and national defense.
  70. In the Money: A Book About Banking by Nancy Leewen

    • Provides an introduction to banks and banking, including what the workers do, why customers come into banks, and explains what happens to old money.
  71.  The Kids Guide to Money Cent$ by Keltie Thomas/Stephen MacEachern

    • The Money Cent$ gang, three kids with very different money “personalities,” will help teach your child about money.
  72.  All About Money by Erin Roberson
    • This book introduces children to money,  while describing the concepts of earning, saving, and spending.
  73. Money Sense for Kids by Hollis Harman

    • This book answers the following questions about money: How and where is it printed? What do all those long numbers and special letters on currency mean? How are the newly designed bills improvements over the old ones?How can banks afford to pay interest?
  74. The Kids’ Money Book: Earning, Saving, Spending, Investing, Donating by Jamie Kyle McGillian

    •  This books explains how to create a budget, make money, invest your earnings, and donate to charity. 
  75. Money: A Rich History by Jon R. Anderson

    • Children will learn about the history of money with tons of cool facts,  illustrations, and photographs of coins and money from all over the world.
  76. Follow the Money by Loreen Leady

    • George, a newly minted quarter on his way to the bank, has quite a day. He’s about to be traded, spent, lost, found, donated, dropped into a vending machine, washed in a washing machine, and generally passed all around town.
  77. Double Fudge by Judy Blume

    • Fudge is obsessed with money. He’s making his own “Fudge Bucks” and has plans to buy the entire world. However, things get crazy once his family gets involved.
  78. The Big Buck Adventure by Shelley Gill

    • Follow the journey of a girl who tries to decide what she can get with her dollar in a candy shop, toy store, deli, and pet department.
  79.  A Dollar for Penny by Julie Grass/Joy Allen

    • On a summer day, a young girl sets up a lemonade stand and sells enough cups  to add up to a dollar.  This story combines the teaching of addition with a traditional rite of childhood entrepreneurship!  
  80. My Rows and Piles of Coins by Tolowa Mollel/E.B. Lewis

    • Saruni is saving coins for a red and blue bicycle. How happy he will be when he can help his mother carry heavy loads to market on his very own bicycle. How disappointed he is to discover that he hasn’t saved nearly enough!
  81. Isabel’s Car Wash by Sheila Bair/Judy Stead

    • The Nelly Longhair doll is on sale at Murphy’s Toys for ten dollars, but Isabel has only fifty cents. Isabel decides to start a car wash business. Will Isabel  earn enough for the Nelly doll?
  82. Prices, Prices, Prices by David Adler

    • In simple language  and colorful pictures, this book gives an introduction to economics explaining the basic laws of supply and demand.
  83.  Uncle Jed’s Barbershop by Margaree King Mitchell/James Ransome
    • This is a story of a man who spends his life struggling, saving, and sacrificing to build and own his own barbershop. Although there were many racial difficulties that stood in his way,  he opens the doors of his new shop  at the age of seventy-nine.
  84. Round and Round the Money Goes: What Money Is and How We Use It by Melvin Berger/Gilda Berger

    • This book explains the development of money from its origins in the barter system to its modern usage as cash, checks, and credit cards.
  85. How the Second Grade Got $8,205.50 to Visit the Statue of Liberty by Nathan Zimelman/Bill Slavin

    • A second grade class wants to visit the Statue of Liberty. They try to earn money for the trip by collecting paper, running a lemonade stand, sitting babies, walking dogs, and selling candy.
  86.  Benny’s Pennies by Pat Brisson

    • Benny McBride starts his day with five new pennies and is determined to spend them all. His family wants him to buy certain items. Will he be able to fulfill their requests?
  87. If You Made a Million by David Schwartz/Steven Kellogg

    • Have you ever wanted to make a million dollars? Marvelosissimo, the Mathematical Magician, is able to explain how to  earn money, invest it, accrue dividends and interest, and watch savings grow. 
  88. National Geographic Kids Everything Money: A Wealth of Facts, Photos, and Fun by Kathy Furgang

    • Kids will learn about money around the world from a National Geographic expert. This book is packed with fun facts and amazing photographs.
  89. My Pink Piggy Bank by Rozanne Williams

    • The book teaches kids the importance of saving.
  90. The Piggybank Blessing by Stan and Jan Berenstain

    • The Bear cubs like to spend money. Find out if the new piggy bank Mama bought will help teach Brother and Sister about saving money.
  91. The History of Money by Patricia Armentrout

    • This book examines the history of money, including the barter system, early trade in North America, unusual types of money such as huge stone disks and salt bars, and the first paper money.
  92. American Currency by Patricia Armentrout

    • This book introduces kids to the characteristics and values of the different coins and paper money used as currency in the United States.
  93.  A Quarter from the Tooth fairy by Caren Holzman

    • This book uses simple math concepts in an easy-to-read story plus six pages of math activities for parents and children to enjoy together.
  94. Pigs Will Be Pigs: Fun with Math and Money by Amy Axelrod/Sharon McGinley-Nally

    • The pigs are very hungry, and there’s no food in the house. Mr. Pig suggests eating out but there is no money! The family goes on a money hunt. Read to see if they find what they are looking for.
  95. The Monster Money Book by Loreen Leedy

    • This book teaches children about  borrowing, saving, and spending money. It  also makes many connections to the real world.
  96.  Jasmine Launches a Startup (Entrepreneurship Books for Kids) by Barhar Karroum/Jesus Vazquez Prada
    • This book will teach children how to start a business, to focus on a specific market, and to take risks.
  97. Kid Start-Up: How YOU Can Become an Entrepreneur by Mark Cuban/Shaan Patel

    • The book will help children how to discover a winning idea, launch their business, and start making money.
  98.  Rachel Turns Her Passion Into Business (Entrepreneur Kid) by Erica Swallow/Li Zeng
    • Teen lacrosse player Rachel Zietz takes an entrepreneurship course and realizes she can blend the worlds of business and fun by creating a lacrosse equipment company. 
  99.  Marvel’s of Money for Kids: Five Fully Illustrated Stories about Money and Financial Decisions for Life by Paul Nourigat

    • This is a book about money in which kids will like to read. There are five stories with conclusions and lessons learned. 
  100.  Why is there money? A Visual and Poetic Journey Through the History of Money by Paul Nourigat

    • This book teaches kids the history of money. It teaches the evolution of money in a simple way.

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55+ Black History Facts For Kids

February is Black History month! It is a time designated to celebrate the contributions of black people to this world. Black History Month was founded by Carter G. Woodson, who was a historian, author, and journalist.

I try to expose my son to black history year round so he will be knowledgable about the accomplishments of people that look like him.

I wanted to share this knowledge with others. In many ways our lives are better because of the people listed below. This list recognizes a small number of noted Black people as there are many. Find out who invented the potato chip, golf tee, three-way traffic signal, and mailbox. I encourage you to do your own research and expand your child’s knowledge of the rich history.

Learn how my three-year-old son has the ability to read on a 3rd grade level. Go to the bottom of this post to access the First Chapter of the ebook, Teach Your Toddler to Read Through Play: A Detailed Account with over 130 Games/Activities, Tips, and Resources for FREE!

Let’s Get Started!

  1. Mansa Musa is the richest person in history with a net worth of $400 Billion.
  2. George Crum was a chef that invented the potato chip in 1853.
  3. Sarah Boone invented the first portable modern day ironing board.
  4. Lonnie G. Johnson is an Aerospace Engineer that invented the famous Super Soaker Water Gun.
  5. Philip Downing designed the first mailbox. He created a metal box with four legs, which he called the letter box. It was a predecessor to the mailbox.
  6. Charles Drew was a surgeon that developed a way to process and store blood plasma in “blood banks” that saved people’s lives. His blood bank was adopted by the Red Cross.
  7. Jacqueline Davidson (my college roommate) is an attorney who became one of the highest ranking women in the NFL when she was named as the Chief Negotiator for the New York Jets Professional Football Team.
  8. Sarah Goode invented a folding cabinet bed that could go against the wall into a cabinet or a desk with compartments for stationary and writing supplies. She became the first African American woman to receive a United States patent.
  9. Benjamin Banneker made the first clock, authored a series of almanacs, and helped design Washington DC.
  10. Lewis Latimer worked for Thomas Edison when he invented the light bulb. Latimer invented the carbon filament that made the light bulb brighter and last longer.
  11. Jan Matzeliger invented a shoe machine that would automatically sew the upper shoes and sole together. This created a large industry of shoe companies.
  12. Percy Julian was a chemist that made physostigmine readily available for the treatment of glaucoma (an eye disorder that can lead to blindness). He received over 130 chemical patients, and was the first African American inducted into the National Academy of Sciences.
  13. Bessie Coleman was the first woman to hold a pilot license. She was denied entry in flying schools in the United States. She taught herself French and moved to France to earn her pilot license.
  14. Alexander Miles was awarded a patent for an automatically opening and closing elevator door. He invented a mechanism that triggered the shaft doors to open and close along with the elevator door, making the ride safer.
  15. Madam C.J. Walker was the first American woman to become a self-made millionaire.
  16. W.E.B. Du Bois was the first African-American to earn a doctorate. He was one of the founding members of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.
  17. Meredith Gourdine invented the Incineraid system which prevented smoke from burning buildings and kept fog away from airport runways. He also invented the Focus Flow Heat Sink which is a device that kept computer chips cool.
  18. Alfred L. Cralle developed the idea of the ice cream scooper in 1897. He was a successful Pittsburgh business promoter as well.
  19. John Henry Thompson invented the computer language Lingo, which is used in many video games, animations, web design applications, and graphics programs.
  20. George Alcorn invented an imaging spectrometer which is a device that helps scientists identify what materials are made of. He also created 20 other inventions while working for NASA and IBM.
  21. Robert Smalls was a slave who escaped to freedom in a Confederate supply ship and eventually became a sea captain for the Union Navy. After the war, he became a successful businessman and politician serving in both houses of the South Carolina legislature.
  22. Granville Woods invented a transmitter that improved hearing over greater distances for the telephone.
  23. Daniel Hale Williams was one of the first physicians to perform open-heart surgery in the United States and founded a hospital with an interracial staff.
  24. Elijah McCoy was an inventor and engineer who is known for his 57 U.S. patents. He invented a way to lubricate steam engines without shutting them down, which saved a great amount of time and effort in transportation and in industrial production.
  25. Shirley Chisholm is the first black woman elected to the United States Congress.
  26. Garrett A. Morgan invented and patented the first chemical hair straightener, received a patent for the first gas mask, and invented the three-way traffic signal.
  27. George Washington Carver invented many uses for the peanut, sweet potato, pecans and soybeans. He made rubber, adhesives, dyes, pigments, and other products.
  28. Frederick McKinley Jones invented portable cooling units for trucks, trains, ships, and aircraft so products would stay cool when stored.
  29. James E. West invented a microphone that was smaller, lighter, and less expensive while working at Bell Laboratories in 1962.
  30. Nobert Rillieux invented a machine that used steam to evaporate water and keep sugar from burning and being discolored when it is produced. This machine is used today to make soap, glue, milk and other products.
  31. Dr. Patricia Bath is an ophthalmologist that invented a safer and more comfortable procedure for cataract surgery. Her Laserphco Phobe uses an optical laser to vaporize the cataract in a person’s eye.
  32. Dr. Mark Dean is a math genius who invented the 1-Gigahertz chip which made computers faster than ever.
  33. Otis Boykin created a wire resistor that allowed a certain amount of electricity flow to a component. This resistor was used in household appliances, computers, and pacemakers.
  34. Maria Van Brittan Brown and her partner, Albert Brown, invented a closed-circuit television security system that spearheaded modern security systems.
  35. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams was the first person to perform an open heart surgery.
  36. Benjamin Bradley invented a powerful steam engine at the age of 16 that helped warships travel faster at sea. He sold the idea in exchange for his freedom.
  37. Lloyd Hall invented several ways to preserve and sterilize food so it would not spoil when it is processed, packed and transported. He used heat, chemicals, and gas to eliminate the germs and bacteria in meat and other foods.
  38. Charles Brooks invented the first self-propelled street sweeper truck, which cleans the street.
  39. Dr. Mae Jemison is the first African American female to become an astronaut. She is an engineer and doctor.
  40. Dr. Ben Carson performed the first successful separation of Siamese twins who were joined at the back of the head.
  41. Henrietta Bradberry invented a new way for torpedoes to be discharged from submarines and subterranean forts.
  42. Andrew Beard invented the automatic car coupler which revolutionized railroad safety.
  43. Phillis Wheatley was a poet and master of the English Language. She write a poem in honor of George Washington and he praised her work.
  44. Richard Allen founded one of the first African -American Christian Churches. The first church was called the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME).
  45. John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish founded the first black newspaper in America.
  46. Dr. Shirley Jackson is an American physicist whose experiments in theoretical physics became the forerunner for the touch-tone telephone, the portable fax, caller ID, call waiting and fiber-optic cable.
  47. Marian Croak holds over 135 patents and is responsible for voice over Internet protocol which is the set of rules that makes it possible to use the Internet for telephone and videophone communication.
  48. Mary and Mildred Jackson invented the sanitary belt. Mary also invented the walker and toilet-tissue holder.
  49. Matthew Henson was at the first man to see the North Pole.
  50. James Weldon Johnson was a writer and musician that wrote the National Black Anthem, “Lift Every Voice and Sing”
  51. Carter G. Woodson is the “Father of Black History” and known for the development of “black historiography.” The is a body of history proven by the employment of scientific methods and procedures.
  52. Jack Johnson is the first back heavyweight champion of the world.
  53. Dr. George Grant invented the first golf tee. Before his invention, golfers carried buckets of sand from hole to hole and built sand mounds from which to hit the balls.
  54. Richard Spikes was an engineer who invented the beer tap and automobile gear shift and directional shift.
  55. Willis Johnson holds a patent for an improved egg beater which is considered an early version of the mixing machine.
  56. Benjamin Thorton invented the first answering machine. He created a device that could be attached to a telephone and set to record a message from a caller.

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